What is Colorectal (Colon) Cancer?
Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start.
Why Should I Get Screened?
When detected early, colorectal cancer is very treatable. That’s why screening is important. Most colon cancers start as growths, or polyps, in the colon. If we find these polyps before they become cancerous, you have about a 90 percent chance to be cured.
Who Should Get Screened?
Most people should begin screening at age 45. Those who are African American or have a family history of colon cancer may be at higher risk and may need to be screened earlier. If you are at a high risk, talk to your doctor about when to begin your screenings.
To qualify for our program, you must:
- Be between the age of 50 and 75
- Have no personal history of colorectal cancer
- Have not had:
- A stool-based test in the last year
- A sigmoidoscopy exam (to look inside the rectum and lower colon) within the last 5 years
- A colonoscopy exam (to look inside the rectum and entire colon) within the last 10 years
- Be uninsured or under-insured
- Have no colorectal cancer related symptoms
- Blood in the stool
- Change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation.
Where is Screening Offered?
Our program covers the following counties:
- Red River
- San Augustine
- Van Zandt
How Do I Request A Screening?
This program is funded through the Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT). For more information about CPRIT please visit their webpage (https://www.cprit.state.tx.us)
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